2. Mai In Deutschland ist Allerheiligen ein Trauertag. In Mexiko dagegen ist der Dia de los Muertos ein bunter Festtag. Wie bunt, lesen Sie auf. Am Tag der Toten, dem "Día de los Muertos" laufen in Mexiko Skelette umher und auf Friedhöfen wird gefeiert. Was makaber erscheint, ist ein Familienfest. Habt ihr schon mal von dem Tag der Toten in Mexiko gehört? Alles rund um die Feierlichkeiten zum Dia de los Muertos lest ihr in meinem Artikel.
Är det sant att mexikanerna firar döden? Var pratas den bästa spanskan? Hur är en dag i en spansk skola? Är spanska lärare stränga och vilka regler gäller i skolan?
Dessutom beger vi oss till en skola i Colombia. Dessutom beger vi oss till Colombia för att kolla in maten där.
Vad är skillnaden mellan amerikansk och spansk rap? Hur dansar man i den spansktalande världen? Vi besöker ställen där det dansas flamenco, street och salsa.
Vad har spanska ungdomar för klädstil? Det blir volleyboll, trial bike, sociala medier och bara skönt häng med spanska ungdomar. Hur är det att vara homosexuell i Spanien?
Välkomna till Mexico City! Vi inleder i en hetsig rondell i en huvudstad i förändring. Vi besöker en musikskola och träffar en ung tjej som lär sig spela klassisk mariachimusik.
Bland dagens ord finns gräns, blanda och befolkningsgrupp. Vad är sant och falskt om Miami? De svenska eleverna vill veta vilka kända latinos som bor i Miami.
Och hur gör man egentligen för att bli känd? Hur gör latinos för att ta sig till Miami och möts de som lyckas av rasism?
Victor jobbar vid gränsen mellan Mexiko och USA och har stor kunskap om migration. I USA berättar ungdomar om sina yrkesdrömmar.
Bor alla tillsammans, även med mor- och farföräldrar? Kuba är känt för att "alla" kan dansa. Tika Lahne gör ett efterlängtat besök i Barcelona.
Vad gör man där? Barcelona är en av Europas bästa turiststäder, men hur är det när man flyttar dit? Tika besöker en grupp som praktiserar den katalanska traditionen "els castells catalans" eller "mänskliga pyramider".
De tipsar om platser, affärer och visar oss sin favoritpark. Och han har ingen aning om vem gästen är! Arbetsmaterial till programmet Arbetsblad Arbetsblad.
Avsnitt 3 av 8 Är "machismo" ett utbrett fenomen i Mexiko? They also clean their houses and prepare the favorite dishes of their deceased loved ones to place upon their altar or ofrenda.
During Day of the Dead festivities, food is both eaten by living people and given to the spirits of their departed ancestors as ofrendas "offerings".
Pan de muerto and calaveras are associated specifically with Day of the Dead. Pan de muerto is a type of sweet roll shaped like a bun, topped with sugar, and often decorated with bone-shaped phalanges pieces.
In addition to food, drink is also important to the tradition of Day of the Dead. Historically, the main alcoholic drink was pulque while today families will commonly drink the favorite beverage of their deceased ancestors.
Jamaican iced tea is a popular herbal tea made of the flowers and leaves of the Jamaican hibiscus plant Hibiscus sabdariffa , known as flor de Jamaica in Mexico.
It is served cold and quite sweet with a lot of ice. The ruby-red beverage is called hibiscus tea in English-speaking countries and called agua de Jamaica water of Jamaica in Spanish.
The celebration is known as Hanal Pixan which means "food for the souls" in their language. Altars are constructed and decorated with food, drinks, candies, and candles put on them.
In pre-Columbian times indigenous Andeans had a tradition of sharing a day with the bones of their ancestors on the third year after burial.
Today families keep only the skulls for such rituals. Traditionally, the skulls of family members are kept at home to watch over the family and protect them during the year.
On November 9, the family crowns the skulls with fresh flowers, sometimes also dressing them in various garments, and making offerings of cigarettes, coca leaves, alcohol, and various other items in thanks for the year's protection.
The skulls are also sometimes taken to the central cemetery in La Paz for a special Mass and blessing.
Similar to other Day of the Dead celebrations, people go to cemeteries and churches with flowers and candles and offer prayers. The celebration is intended as a positive honoring of the dead.
Memorializing the dead draws from indigenous, African and European Catholic origins. Guatemalan celebrations of the Day of the Dead, on November 1, are highlighted by the construction and flying of giant kites  in addition to the traditional visits to grave sites of ancestors.
A big event also is the consumption of fiambre , which is made only for this day during the year.
In Ecuador the Day of the Dead is observed to some extent by all parts of society, though it is especially important to the indigenous Kichwa peoples, who make up an estimated quarter of the population.
Indigena families gather together in the community cemetery with offerings of food for a day-long remembrance of their ancestors and lost loved ones.
Ceremonial foods include colada morada , a spiced fruit porridge that derives its deep purple color from the Andean blackberry and purple maize.
This is typically consumed with guagua de pan , a bread shaped like a swaddled infant, though variations include many pigs—the latter being traditional to the city of Loja.
The bread, which is wheat flour-based today, but was made with masa in the pre-Columbian era, can be made savory with cheese inside or sweet with a filling of guava paste.
These traditions have permeated mainstream society, as well, where food establishments add both colada morada and gaugua de pan to their menus for the season.
Many non-indigenous Ecuadorians visit the graves of the deceased, cleaning and bringing flowers, or preparing the traditional foods, too.
Usually people visit the cemetery and bring flowers to decorate the graves of dead relatives. Sometimes people play music at the cemetery.
In many American communities with Mexican residents, Day of the Dead celebrations are very similar to those held in Mexico.
In some of these communities, in states such as Texas ,  New Mexico ,  and Arizona ,  the celebrations tend to be mostly traditional.
The event combines elements of traditional Day of the Dead celebrations with those of pagan harvest festivals.
People wearing masks carry signs honoring the dead and an urn in which people can place slips of paper with prayers on them to be burned.
People bring offerings of flowers, photos, mementos, and food for their departed loved ones, which they place at an elaborately and colorfully decorated altar.
A program of traditional music and dance also accompanies the community event. Day of the Dead. The project's website contains some of the text and images which explain the origins of some of the customary core practices related to the Day of the Dead, such as the background beliefs and the offrenda the special altar commemorating one's deceased loved one.
In other communities, interactions between Mexican traditions and American culture are resulting in celebrations in which Mexican traditions are being extended to make artistic or sometimes political statements.
An updated, intercultural version of the Day of the Dead is also evolving at Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Colorful native dancers and music intermix with performance artists , while sly pranksters play on traditional themes.
Similar traditional and intercultural updating of Mexican celebrations are held in San Francisco. Corazon Del Pueblo has a shop offering handcrafted Mexican gifts and a museum devoted to Day of the Dead artifacts.
Here, a mix of several Mexican traditions come together with traditional Aztec dancers, regional Mexican music, and other Mexican artisans to celebrate the day.
As part of a promotion by the Mexican embassy in Prague, Czech Republic , since the late 20th century, some local citizens join in a Mexican-style Day of the Dead.
A theatre group produces events featuring masks, candles, and sugar skulls. Mexican-style Day of the Dead celebrations occur in major cities in Australia , Fiji , and Indonesia.
Additionally, prominent celebrations are held in Wellington , New Zealand, complete with altars celebrating the deceased with flowers and gifts.
Filipinos traditionally observe this day by visiting the family dead to clean and repair their tombs. Offerings of prayers, flowers, candles,  and even food, while Chinese Filipinos additionally burn joss sticks and kim.
Many also spend the day and ensuing night holding reunions at the cemetery, having feasts and merriment. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the Mexican holiday. For other uses, see Day of the Dead disambiguation. This section needs additional citations for verification.
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